Despite their many advantages, double layer timber gridshells are uncommon. Construction of the downland gridshell the institution of. Designed by edward cullinan architects and located within the weald and downland open air museum in sussex, england, the gridshell is an innovative undulating shape building is made from local. Its made from a grid or lattice and looks similar to garden trellis. Objects from these collections can be seen displayed in buildings on the site, and in the open access store in the basement of the downland gridshell. The downland gridshell itself is an award winning building, combining traditional materials and 21st century technology. The weald and downland museums awardwinning downland gridshell building was the first timber gridshell building to be constructed in the uk. Completed in 2002 it was and still is quite unique. So, as well as visiting the past, you can see the future here, too. The gridshell is a cross between an oak barn and a giant armadillo. The downland gridshell is part of the weald and downland open air museum, which covers a total of 50 acres exhibiting nearly 50 historic buildings from. It also showcases modern timberframed design this rationale was also behind the modern construction of our awardwinning downland gridshell building in 2002. A high degree of carpentry skill went into the downland gridshell s construction, emulating but not imitating the museum s traditional.
Weald and downland gridshell green oak carpentry company. The decision to construct new buildings enables our historic structures to stay true to their original purposes. Gemini data loggers environmental monitoring at the weald. Building the downland gridshell weald and downland. Building the gridshell carpentry techniques the end frames. Undulating downland gridshell in england was built using. For the weald and downland gridshell, a clamping plate system was used 14. Whether it truly constitutes a gridshell building is something of a moot point, since it has already been dismantled.
The gridshell building at the the weald and downland open air museum, singleton, west sussex. The weald and downland gridshell is a building at the weald and downland living museum in west sussex an openair centre devoted to the history of farming and other rural industries. From our own times, the awardwinning downland gridshell is a unique and spectacular building that combines traditional materials and 21st century technology. Weald and downland living museum museum in chichester.
The building is on two levels with the basement housing the museum s unique collection of tools and artefacts, while the upper deck is a workshop and layout space for building conservation and training. The gridshell will form part of a new centre for the conservation and study of timberframed building at the museum. Free gridshell tours including our artefact store are held on most days at 2. Gridshell at weald and downland museum, singleton, west sussex. The weald and downland gridshell institution of civil. An innovative design built primarily to create an accessible store for the museum s rural life collection, it also houses the museum s conservation workshops, and an exhibition area is in the foyer. The downland gridshell building as it has come to be known was the first major timber gridshell to be built in britain and was commissioned by the weald and downland open air museum in west sussex. Japans submission at the hannover 2000 expo was also a gridshell, very similar in shape to weald and downland, but twice the size, constructed from cardboard tubes. Gridshell revealed at weald and downland museum culture24. The weald and downland gridshell institution of civil engineers. The weald and downland open air museum was launched in 1967 by a small group of enthusiasts led by the museum s founder, the late dr. Building the gridshell carpentry techniques weald and.
It is regarded as an iconic building and both architects and other interested visitors travel from across the uk and further afield to view this unique example of the technique. The scarcity of timber gridshells is perhaps understandable. The end frames consist of a glulam arch and cross beam fabricated from siberian larch which is slow growing and highly durable requiring only minimal surface treatment. Feathered squatters take up residence in weald and downland historic building.
The first double layer timber gridshell in the uk has recently been constructed as part of a new building for the weald and downland open air museum in sussex. The building was completed in 2002 and is used to store the muse cf4tbb from alamys library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The collection is located in one end of the lower level, while the other end is home to offices and an archive store. The weald and downland living museum formerly known as the weald and downland open air museum until january 2017 is an openair museum in singleton, west sussex. The gridshell building at the the weald and downland open air. The form was created from a flat lattice of green oak that was lowered into a threedimensional shape with the use of gravity.
The upper level is used as a conservation workshop, training and exhibition space. The downland gridshell has provided the weald and downland open air museum with a more valuable building than the original brief of a workshop and artefacts store. The building was completed in 2002 and is used to store the muse. Media in category weald and downland gridshell the following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. The reluctance to adopt this type of structure may stem from the. Before constructing the gridshell, members of buro happold and the cullinan practicebuilt a prototype during their own time on weekends. An innovative, low energy structure, the building was the first timber gridshell built in britain. The downland gridshell is an innovative modern timber gridshell structure intended to become the national centre for the conservation and study of traditional timberframe buildings. The building was completed in 2002 and is used to store the muse late 14th century hall from boarhunt in hampshire at the weald and downland open air museum, singleton, west sussex. The museum s awardwinning downland gridshell building was the first timber gridshell building to be constructed in the uk. The first double layer timber gridshell in the uk has recently been constructed as part of a new building for the weald and downland open air museum in west sussex. Construction of the downland gridshell the institution.
Downland gridshell with edward cullinan architects location. Weald and downland gridshell chichester structurae. Nov 30, 2010 the weald and downland gridshell 2002 is a building designed by buro happold and edward cullinan architects for the weald and downland open air museum. The museum is a registered charity the museum covers 40 acres 16 ha, with over 50 historic buildings dating from 950ad to the 19th century, along with gardens, farm animals, walks and a mill pond. The gridshell design structure and construction other work of edward cullinan architects involving timber triple hourglassshaped shell john hope gateway building nodal connection what is the weald and downland gridshell. Its collection is housed in the lower level of the awardwinning downland gridshell building, the first timber gridshell to be constructed in the uk. Downland gridshell project history and design brief weald.
The museum is also wellknown now for its wonderful gridshell building, which was runnerup for architectures stirling prize in 2002. The building is a structural wooden gridshell, constructed of oak sourced from normandy. Green oak timber gridshell structure housing naturally lit space for restoration and research of historic timber structures. The downlands gridshell structure picture of weald. As well as illustrating the history of original building styles and types, the museum has good collections representing country crafts and industries, building trades and agriculture. Sunken into the ground, the archive level contents are protected from weather changes using minimal energy. Before constructing the gridshell, members of buro happold and the cullinan. The project is located in chichester, west sussex, south east england, england, united kingdom. The downland gridshell is clad with hardwood planks and glazing. Our extensive artefact collection is housed in our awardwinning downland gridshell building take a free tour daily at 1. The undulating organic form of what has become affectionately known as the downland gridshell, seems to. Designed to host a collection of 15 th to 19 th century buildings, the gridshell contributes to the wider weald and downland living museum experience while providing an insight into the history of rural life in the south of england. The weald and downland gridshell was constructed in 20002002. Downland gridshell project history and design brief.
Maintaining precise temperature and humidity levels to protect its extensive artefact collection, while keeping energy costs and emissions down at its award winning downland gridshell building, were key requirements for the management at the weald and downland open air museum when selecting a replacement for an inefficient old boiler serving the building s underfloor heating system. The gridshell building by ted cullinan at the weald. Before constructing the gridshell, members of buro. The weald and downland gridshell, is a timber gridshell structure constructed of green oak, using innovative and traditional building techniques. Construction of the downland gridshell request pdf. The inventive design and construction of the downland. The design, engineering and carpentry of the downland gridshell is groundbreaking. Natural light enters through two continuous strips of polycarbonate clerestory windows two thirds of the way up the building. We are an independent museum, we rescue and conserve historic buildings, we teach traditional trades and crafts to ensure their preservation and we share the untold stories of rural life and those who lived it in the south east of england simon wardell, museum director. A gridshell is a structure that derives its strength from its double curvature. Downland gridshell project history and design brief introduction. Designed to host a collection of 15 th to 19 th century buildings, the gridshell contributes to the wider weald and downland living museum experience while providing an insight into the history of. Perhaps you would like to try a special event day, inspired by the museum s collections.859 732 447 354 1481 539 1283 530 623 147 888 1505 427 1285 593 1391 1059 1552 690 1549 412 461 927 560 1473 620 73 409